140817 Matthew 13:44-52

Last Updated on Monday, 18 August 2014 Written by Pastor Pagels

Text: Matthew 13:44-52
Theme: Closing Thoughts About The Kingdom Of Heaven

For the third consecutive Sunday our gospel lesson comes from Matthew 13, and for the third consecutive Sunday the Lord speaks to us in parables. Two weeks ago it was the parable of the sower and the seed. Last Sunday it was the parable of the weeds sown among the wheat.

Today we will focus our attention on three more parables of Jesus. Each parable is unique, but they do have something in common. In fact, they have something in common with last Sunday's parable as well as two short parables in between (see Matthew 13:31-33). Jesus introduces them all with the same six-word phrase: "The kingdom of heaven is like..."

"The kingdom of heaven" is not exactly easy to define. It means different things to different people. It can mean different things depending on the context. And perhaps that's why Jesus used it. That little phrase is broad enough to cover the many and varied aspects of God's saving activity, including two spiritual truths in our text for today, truths that we will discover as we consider our Savior's...


I. It has infinite value
II. It anticipates a final verdict

In the first parable Jesus introduces us to a man who found a treasure hidden in a field. What might sound strange to our ears (and maybe even a little foolish) wasn't all that unusual back then. Before there were safes or safety deposit boxes men of means sometimes hid some of their wealth in an undisclosed location. That way if they were ever robbed or forced to flee they could come back for it later.

Eventually someone did come back to the treasure, but it wasn't the man who buried it. Someone else found it (how we don't know), and immediately his mind starting working: "It won't be easy to do," he thought to himself, "but if I want to keep this treasure I'll need to cover it up again. I have to bury it and buy the field, even if it means that I have to sell everything I own." And that is exactly what he did.

This parable leaves us with some unanswered questions: Should we praise the man because he didn't just steal the treasure? Or should we condemn him because he purchased the field without telling the owner why he wanted to buy it? And as far as the interpretation goes, who is the man? What is the field? What is the treasure?

When we study parables, there is always the temptation to get side-tracked. It's easy to get bogged down in all the little details of the story. What we need to remember, what Jesus wants us to remember, is that every parable has one main point of comparison. The point of this parable is that the kingdom of heaven is something of great value.

And just in case his disciples didn't get it the first time, Jesus told them a second parable to drive the point home: "Again the kingdom of heaven is like a merchant looking for fine pearls. When he found one of great value, he went away and sold everything he had and bought it" (45,46).

This parable gives us a little more information about its main character. He was a merchant, and he was looking for fine pearls. The rest of the story reads much the same as the parable that preceded it. Both men found something valuable. Both men recognized its value. And both men were willing to give up everything they had in order to get their hands on it.

When Jesus told these twin parables he could have been talking about only one thing. What is the treasure? What is the pearl? What is so valuable that it is worth more than everything else in the world combined? A personal relationship with him.

Only Jesus could be true man and true God. Only Jesus could die and rise again. Only Jesus could tell a paralyzed man: "Get up and walk" AND "Your sins are forgiven" (Matthew 9). Only in Jesus can we find peace and hope and joy and purpose. He is the way to the kingdom of heaven.

How much is that worth to you? If we spent the rest of the service taking turns standing up and telling everyone how much Jesus means to us and it came to your turn, what would you say? I know what I would say. I would say that Jesus means everything to me, that he is worth more than anything to me, that I would gladly trade all my worldly possessions for my guaranteed place in heaven. That's what I would say, and I am guessing that many of you would say the same.

It's one thing to say all those things, but would we really mean it? Would we be able to produce ample evidence to prove it? What would your checkbook say? What would your daily schedule say? Would they declare, "Jesus is worth more to me than anything else in the world?" Or would the way we live our lives reveal that Jesus comes in second or third or some place farther down the list?

The kingdom of heaven has infinite value. It is a priceless treasure. But we don't have to find it. We don't have to buy it. God gives us the gift of eternal life. In his Word. Through his Son. Everyone who believes in Jesus will live forever, but whoever fails to give him the honor he deserves is destined for destruction.

Those aren't my words. That is the point of the next parable, where Jesus warns his disciples that there will be a day of reckoning, a day when every person will have to stand before the Judge, a day when he will look at the evidence and hand down a final verdict.

"Once again, the kingdom of heaven is like a net that was let down into the lake and caught all kinds of fish. When it was full, the fishermen pulled it up on the shore. They sat down and collected the good fish in baskets, but threw the bad away" (47,48).

The net is the gospel. The large catch of fish represents people, all kinds of people. But Jesus' interpretation of the parable reveals that not every fish caught in the gospel net is a believer: "This is how it will be at the end of the age. The angels will come and separate the wicked from the righteous and throw them into the fiery furnace, where there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth" (49,50).

Some of Jesus' parables were addressed to large crowds of people, but not this one. The Lord was out of the public eye. He was in a house with his disciples. He wanted the Twelve to appreciate what they had (that's why he told them the parables of the treasure and the pearl). He also wanted them to understand that what they had could be lost.

It's possible that Jesus used the parable of the net as a general warning. Some of the disciples were fishermen. They had seen and smelled piles of dead fish. It probably didn't take much for them to make the connection between dead fish and the consequences of a dead faith.

Even though Jesus shared this parable with all of his disciples, I wonder if it was directed at one of them in particular. Judas looked like the other disciples. For the most part, Judas acted like the other disciples. But Jesus could look into his heart. Jesus knew the truth. And because he loved Judas, the Lord felt compelled to warn him that the choices he was making now would have eternal consequences.

If this parable was aimed at the heart of Judas, it didn't produce the desire effect. Judas kept up the act. He kept dipping into the treasury. In the end greed got the best of Judas and he betrayed Jesus for thirty pieces of silver.

But this parable did make a lasting impression on another disciple in that house. Matthew remembered it. Matthew included it in his gospel for future generations of Jesus' followers as a warning for us to not follow in Judas' footsteps.

The parable of the net teaches us that there will be hypocrites in the church until the end of time. Hypocrisy will always be a problem, but it is not a problem God asks us to solve. We can't look into other people's hearts, but we can examine our own hearts. And we would do well to heed Jesus' warning.

On Judgment Day "the angels will come and separate the wicked from the righteous and throw them into the fiery furnace, where there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth" (49,50). If that warning sounds familiar, it's because it is almost identical to the conclusion of the parable of the weeds among the wheat (the gospel lesson for last Sunday).

Why did Jesus feel the need to repeat this warning? Why did Matthew record the same fire and brimstone warning twice in less than ten verses? Because we need to hear it again and again. We need to be reminded that hell is a real place, a terrible place, a place of never ending pain and punishment, especially in a culture where "judgment" has become a dirty word and the existence of hell is being challenged even by people who call themselves Christians.

Here are just a couple examples. In a recent MSNBC interview retired Episcopal Bishop John Shelby Spong said, and I quote: "I don't think hell exists," and he went on to claim that hell is an invention of the church. A 2003 Harris poll found that almost one in five Christians denies the existence of hell. Not one in five PEOPLE. One in five CHRISTIANS.

I can understand why people might come to that conclusion. If you accept the reality of a real hell, then you have to entertain the possibility that you might end up there. And if you have an active conscience, it will tell you that you deserve to go there every time you do something wrong. But if there is no hell, there is no reason to worry. If there is no hell, there is no personal accountability. You can do whatever you want whenever you want, and there will be no consequences.

But Jesus' words make it clear that there will be consequences. There will be consequences because hell is real. Sin is real. Judgment is real. Jesus will come again to judge the living and the dead. He will stand over each one of us and issue a final verdict: "Not guilty." Not because we are guiltless. Because he has removed our guilt. Not because we are sinless. Because he has paid for our sins. We are righteous because God has declared us righteous, because our Savior has made us righteous.

Because of Jesus the kingdom of heaven is more than an ambiguous phrase the Lord used to introduce parables. The kingdom of heaven is a place, a real place, a glorious place, the place where we will spend eternity. Amen.

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